Category Archives: Confederacy

Jefferson Davis’s Thanksgiving Proclamation, 1861

WHEREAS, it hath pleased Almighty God, the Sovereign Disposer of events, to protect and defend us hitherto in our conflicts with our enemies as to be unto them a shield.

And whereas, with grateful thanks we recognize His hand and acknowledge that not unto us, but unto Him, belongeth the victory, and in humble dependence upon His almighty strength, and trusting in the justness of our purpose, we appeal to Him that He may set at naught the efforts of our enemies, and humble them to confusion and shame.

Now therefore, I, Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, in view of impending conflict, do hereby set apart Friday, the 15th day of November, as a day of national humiliation and prayer, and do hereby invite the reverend clergy and the people of these Confederate States to repair on that day to their homes and usual places of public worship, and to implore blessing of Almighty God upon our people, that he may give us victory over our enemies, preserve our homes and altars from pollution, and secure to us the restoration of peace and prosperity.

Given under hand and seal of the Confederate States at Richmond, this the 31st day of October, year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty one.

By the President, JEFFERSON DAVIS

 

 

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The McCready-Hurley Ledger: Confederate Price List, 1865

The following list of prices appears in the McCready-Hurley Ledger after the official Confederate records, and immediately after a list of notable dates in history (including the dates of many Civil War battles, but also older events like Columbus’s discovery of the Americas, the birth of William Penn, and the Battle of Trafalgar). The latest year listed is 1863, although the preceding official records begin in 1864.

It’s unclear when this list was compiled, or why. Meshack McCready’s journal entries dated 1867 begin two pages later. The evacuation mentioned is assumed to be the evacuation of Richmond in April 1865. The placement of some of the periods/decimals is unclear in a couple of places, appearing under the numbers rather than between them. I confess that I don’t know much about Confederate currency, and am unsure about how to read a couple of these prices, but I’ve transcribed them as written, adding only the colon between each item and the corresponding price.

Note the distinction between sweet potatoes and “Irsh” (Irish) potatoes.

Confederate list of Prices in 1865 just before the evacuation

broad cloth per yard     :     $2..50..00

Silk per yard     :      1..00.00

Home Spun wolen Cloth per yard     :      50..00

Cotton Cloth per yard     :     25..00

Boots per pair     :     800..00

Shoes per pair     :     400..00

Felt hats A peis     :     300..00

Socks and home knit gloves per pair     :     25..00

Groceries , Sugar     :     25..00

Coffee     :     50..00

Flower per barrel     :     1..4..00..00

Corn meal per bushel     :     1..25..00

Corn per Barrel     :     5..25..00

Cabages per head     :     1500

Bacon per pound     :     25..00

Beef per pound     :     20..00

Fresh Shad A peice     :     75..00

Herings per Dozen     :     25..00

Sturgeon per pound     :     10..00

Sweet potatoes per quart     :     10..00

Irsh potatoes per quart     :     5..00

Aples per barrel green     :     2..50..00

Aples Dried per bushel     :     1..50..00

Peaches Dried per bushel     :     2..75..00

Peaches green 12 per Dos     :     12..00

Turnips per bushel     :     80..00

Shirts p A peace     :     200..00

While these numbers might not mean much to us today (particularly since they’re in Confederate dollars rather than U.S. dollars), presumably they indicate runaway inflation, and would have been astonishing to the Virginians of the time.

– Chris Slavens

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